One part of a two-part introduction to the discipline of sociology, the study of society. It examines theories and methods for studying changes to the nature and organization of society from pre-modern, to modern and post-modern. Students will be introduced to core sociological concepts used to understand social inequality, social order, social change, and globalization.

View the book online at OpenPress (PDF, and ePUB available as well).


Foundations in Sociology: Society, Structure, Process, by Dr. Susan Robertson (Sessional Lecturer, Department of Sociology, University of Saskatchewan), has been adapted for use from Introduction to Sociology – 2nd Canadian Edition by William Little. Chapters and sections from the source material have been rearranged for use in first year sociology classes. The source material has been divided over two new resources, the companion to this version being Foundations in Sociology: Society Structure Process.

Version History

Introduction to Sociology – 2nd Canadian Edition was adapted by William Little from the OpenStax College textbook, Introduction to Sociology. For information about what was changed in this adaptation, refer to the Copyright statement at the bottom of the home page. This adaptation is a part of the B.C. Open Textbook project.

In October 2012, the B.C. Ministry of Advanced Education announced its support for the creation of open textbooks for the 40 highest-enrolled first and second year subject areas in the province’s public post-secondary system.

Open textbooks are open educational resources (OER); they are instructional resources created and shared in ways so that more people have access to them. This is a different model than traditionally copyrighted materials. OER are defined as teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others (Hewlett Foundation).

Cover Attribution

Cover by JR Dingwall, adapted from Simon Shim on Unsplash